PAT Testing Procedure

Portable Appliance Testing (or PAT Testing) is a legally required method of testing portable appliances. There are many stages that go towards the testing process. It will end with either a pass or fail result.

Portable Appliance Testing needs to look at certain safety elements. Amongst the things that can cause the failure is damage to cables, plugs and wires, overheating and signs of water damage. There should be no bare wires and no sign of internal damage.

The testing needs to be done according to the IEE (Institute of Electrical Engineers) guidelines. Before testing takes place anyone who is not part of the testing team should leave the premises.

The most basic part of the testing process is the visual inspection. Over 90% of problems are said to be found during this part of the process. It consists of the tester looking at the appliance and seeing if there are any obvious issues.

Here the tester will be able to see any poor wiring, cracked casing, bent pins and other damage. These are the most basic areas where appliances fail the PAT test.

The location that a particular appliance is used needs to be inspected. There must be sufficient ventilation (depending one the needs of the equipment), the area cannot be unreasonably damp, and controls to the equipment must be easily accessible.

An Earth Bond Test needs to be carried out during the testing process. Electrical Test Equipment is necessary for this part of the procedure. This is a test between the earth bond and continuity between the plug pin and external components. The voltage and test current is assessed during this process.

Other parts of the test are the insulation test and operational test.

The insulation test is necessary to ensure the insulation resistance is safe. The operational test simply consists of the tester switching the equipment on and testing out certain regular functions that it should perform, and making sure its performance is as expected.

Once testing has been completed the result of the PAT test should be clearly stated. The most common method of this is simply placing a label on the equipment. The label will say whether the appliance has passed or failed, and should also include more specific details of its condition. It will give the date of the test and the date at which another test will be necessary.

Equipment that is faulty or damaged should be removed from service immediately. It can then be determined whether or not the seriousness of the damage is sufficient for the equipment to be out of use.

PAT testing records are required to be kept for the duration of the life of the appliance. This is a legal necessity as it shows that tests have been carried out and the results of them.

Advertise Medical Equipments

Except the medicines, with the advancement in medical equipments we have created various machines and other units that helps the doctor in diagnosis our disease and medical problems. We have X-ray machines, ventilators, anesthetic machine, blood pressure monitor, ultra sound machine, CT (CAT) scan machine etc. These are very helpful machine of modern time. With the advancement of technology, medical science has witnessed a great boom in the last few decades. Today we have cures and treatments of almost every disease except a few like cancer and AIDS. Due to this advancement in medical science human existence become more reliable. Now we are sure that we can save ourselves from various hazardous diseases.

If we talk about medical equipments that work at fitness equipments also, we have various such products such as Knee belt, infusion pump, air purifier, nebulizer, diabetic shoes, walkers etc.

In our childhood we don’t need such thing, but thanks to medical science for making the life of senior citizens or the old age people much better than they used to live. Home medical treatment equipments are must for the old age people. But excluding these high tech machines such as CT (CAT) scan and X-tray machine, medical science has constructed various other medical equipments also that make our life more comfortable and soothing. Medical laboratory equipments, surgical equipments, medical oxygen equipments, and disposable medical lab equipment there are divided into various categories.

If you are an old age person and want to keep yourself updated with recent medical innovations and equipments, there is a lot of information available on internet. Various websites provide information on health maintenance for old age people.

There are various online classified websites, which contains contact info about who deals in sell and purchase of used medical equipments. If you are an individual and cannot afford to buy new equipments as they are very costly then you can buy this equipment at low price by finding old medical equipments dealers through these classifieds websites. And if you are in medical profession and establishing your personal clinic then also you can buy expensive medical equipments in reasonable prices.

Tips on Finding The Right Toronto Moving Company Or Right Toronto Movers To Help You

It is important to find a professional Toronto moving company because the process of moving to a new home or office can be overwhelming. However, contracting a professional long distance moves company can make anyone anxious no matter where you live. You are entrusting your properties to other people after all.

Hopefully, the tips below will help you find Toronto movers that will make your transition to your new house a happy one.

1. If you check for moving companies online, in newspapers, or from radio and TV ads, be sure to get their office address. It is also better to find addresses that are nearer your old place so that you can check on them easily.

2. The distance of your old place, your new place and the location of the moving company’s garage is important because the company will have to consider travel time and gas expenses.

3. Once you visit the mover company’s office, you can check the quality of its facilities. You can find out if it’s moving trucks are in good condition and what kind of packing equipment it uses.

4. A good moving company will not charge you if you ask for estimates. If it is good, its representatives will visit your old place to have an idea of what kinds of furniture and appliances you need to move. This will help the company figure out what kinds of trucks and equipments to use.

5. Your visits to the movers at their office, and their visits to your home will give you a clue on what kinds of employees they have. A good moving company has employees who are respectful of you and your belongings.

6. Ask the long distance mover company about its insurance policies in case one of your belongings breaks or gets lots in the process.

7. Ask them also for discounts and special promos. Some mover companies have non-peak days like in the middle of the week or the month when their rates are lower.

8. Ask them about how they pack your things. What kinds of boxes do they use? How do they protect your things from breaking? How do they systematize and organize your belongings?

It is important to study a moving company’s services from when it gets your things from your old house to when they unpack your things to your new house.

You will know that you have a good moving company when it has good customer feedback, fair rates and professional crew of drivers and movers.

To know if a moving company’s rates are fair, visit and ask several companies about their rates and services and then compare for the best option. You can also ask your friends who have gotten the services of moving companies before, or check for Internet forums about people’s experiences with local moving companies.

In the end, your experience with moving company will confirm your decisions. Did they make your relocation easier? Or did they add more stress to it?

Finding The Right Rubbers On the internet

When it comes to generating purchases currently, it is a lot of drive to check on on-line prior to you heading out to actual storefronts. The reason for this, is that you have frequently reasonably priced options on-line that can the two conserve your funds, and get those things to you in a very almost no time. So basically, even acquiring something similar to rubbers on-line is often more valuable. We’ve all seen the old maxime that assortment may be the spice of life. What this means for both you and your purchases is that you have a lot to choose from in between styles, styles and types. Many online stores marketing rubbers supply them in numerous volumes, and gives something that could virtually appeal to any person.
Because you organized on acquiring them anyhow, why not do some shopping online and save some money. Many on-line spots provide brands, styles that you adore and want at a lower price. Substandard everything from thin condoms to specific moisturized goods that boost enjoyment for the two of you. But even challenging options to use, nothing can feel very just like saving money. You can even find delivers online packages of numerous styles and types, reduced prices plus more via discount internet sites.
One of the greatest motives that folks are going to obtain condoms online is they do not want to obtain packages of these in actual stores. This is a cumbersome minute with the register, and it is also prevented by permitting your skinny rubbers of any configuration in an net market as an alternative to the local gas station, comfort retailer, and other retailer where you live. Essentially, acquiring your rubbers on-line comes with a sponsor of advantages. If you are not in a very situation and require them instantly, you are able to really help save a good bit of money and also have a lot more options than you’ll find in the area. If you are searching for top level feasible selection for the two of you, look around and find a very good suit and really feel.

Career Employment Online – Find Professional Work at Home and Get Paid

Plenty of research goes into finding the best career employment online. Below is a list of professional working companies who are looking to hire now and you can work from home if this is something you are looking to do. Great paying jobs and you can get started right now once you apply. You will not have to pay a fee.

Sun Oasis

Many writing assignments to keep you busy. You can make some great money. Weekly newspapers, educational publishing companies, copy writing groups, and business web site building. This company is also looking for proof readers.

Solo Gig

Anything and everything when it comes to consulting work. Experience professionals are needed in IT, accounting, healthcare, sales and marketing, technical writers, account executive, etc. Some of the jobs here are paying $350.00 Per hour. Make sure you check out Solo Gig.

Writer Find

This is a site that is updated always with all the latest jobs pertaining to writing. You will also find a mailing list you can sign up with. The competition is fierce here so make sure you are one of the first to know about any new assignments. Make sure you sign up. This is a great site to be a part of. Look for Writer Find Freelance Jobs

Auto Club Renewals

Renewal specialist positions are available. You will call existing members of a fortune 500 company. You must have a friendly energetic voice, strong sales, and inbound and outbound calling experience. Hours are 3:00PM – 9:00PM Monday through Friday and working every other Saturday. They are still hiring. Go to the site for more information.

Call Desk

They are hiring in the state of Oregon. You will become an employee and not a independent contractor. You must have experience in customer service. They are looking forward to receiving your cover letter and resume. Look up Call Desk Agents.

Content Current

Contract writers are needed for article writing, forum posting and custom writing tasks. You can get paid every week and you can pick your own writing tasks from thousands of offers. If you are a good writer, you will be paid nicely. You can pick the hours you want too. Make sure your register to become a writer.

Alpine Access

This company is hiring home based agents. The goal of this company is to to provide world class customer service to their clients. You will work from the comfort of your home as a employee not a contractor. The Alpine advantage. Become a part of it. Hiring English speaking, Spanish, Cantonese and Mandarin customer service reps. They are hiring now.

Healthy Family Lifestyle

This article discusses the influence of the family on a healthy lifestyle.

Diseases: A healthy family lifestyle always begins with a disease free lifestyle. A hundred years ago, people succumbed to communicable diseases like small pox, cholera, malaria, dysentery, tuberculosis etc. To a large extent, these diseases are well under control today if not totally eliminated from the face of the earth, thanks to advances in scientific research. Nowadays, we are plagued with different diseases. The world is plagued with modern diseases like AIDS, obesity, cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases etc. Here are some alarming statistics:

o Cardiovascular diseases and stroke claim almost 18 million lives a year worldwide
o 750 million people worldwide are overweight of which 300 million are obese. Obesity is a more serious form of overweight and has been classified as a chronic disease
o This year about 547,000 Americans will die of cancer. Globally, approximately 7.6 million people die from cancer each year
o According to the American Diabetes Association, Type 2 diabetes grows annually at a rate of 5% since 1990

Prevention is better than cure. Healthy family lifestyle will mitigate many health risks only if you are aware of what is at stake. Educate your family about the diseases, and what they must do to prevent them.

Role of parents as role models: Children often look up to their parents as role models. Parents can influence children to a large extent to make a good start in life by inculcating in them good values. A healthy family lifestyle is a good starting point. It will instill in them the right values that they can pass on to their own families in future.

Healthy family lifestyle will require attention to the following areas:

1. Foods: Fundamentally important to healthy family lifestyle are foods and diets we ingest daily. It is a well known medical fact that foods have a very large role to play in the state of our health. Educate your family about good and bad food habits, but what better education there is than providing wholesome and nutritious foods for the family as a starting point. For example:

o Eating a balanced diet is important for the heart as well as making sure your family gets all the nutrients they need to grow.
o Avoid or reduce the intake of certain foods for example fast foods; these are often loaded with fats, salt and sugar and low in complex carbohydrates.
o Eating more plant based foods like fruits, vegetables, beans and legumes.
o Reducing sugar intake and avoid sugary drinks, salt and salt related food products like preserved meats (bacon, ham)

2. Maintaining right body weight: This is the single most important factor in maintaining a healthy family lifestyle. Many dreaded diseases owe their origins to overweight and obesity. Foremost among them are Type 2 diabetes, thyroid problem, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and many types of cancer. The importance of maintaining a healthy body weight can never be over-emphasized enough.

3. Exercise: Impress upon the importance of exercise. It is highly recommended for all of us to have half an hour of vigorous exercise or one hour of less vigorous exercise a day. Set a good example by doing it yourself. Lead a more physically active lifestyle and get the whole family involved. Get the children to play less computer games and more outdoor sports. Lead by example; don’t be a couch potato yourself! Do everything together the healthy family lifestyle way.

4. Smoking: Quit smoking. Cigarettes are known to be a leading cause for lung cancer and a host of other serious ailments. Besides, you don’t want your family exposed to second hand smoke, do you? Educate your children about the dangers of tobacco.

Healthy family lifestyle requires serious effort and commitment from you chiefly as the head of the family and co-operation from the whole family. The benefits far outweigh the effort.

Car rental companies do provide dinner for toddlers, but will you look for it?

Of course, those of us with a good credit score can rent an RV and cook whenever we need food for the toddlers. That way, we can always take the emerging food preferences into account without undue waste and expense. It’s the same if we decide to go the route of camping. We can either pick the sites with cooking facilities or carry our own gas rings. Remember starting real fires in the middle of our current hot summer is not likely to endear us to Park Rangers and others trying to prevent wildfires from starting. So this gives you a shopping list of possible makes and models to shop for at the car rental agencies if you propose carrying outdoor cooking equipment.

Otherwise you load the people into the vehicle and set off into the wild blue yonder, full of the joys of the road and hope in your hearts. Those of you with toddlers will know they are just learning about the world and beginning to take some control over how they relate to it. One of the first symptoms of toddler control comes in emerging taste preferences. This is not to say any child should have a say over what gets put on the plate, but practical reality may call for some negotiation over how much is eaten. Most children go through phases of being picky. Many never seem to emerge from this phase. If you’re lucky, the child will only eat something available at every diner or restaurant. This may be macaroni cheese which has the benefit of being relatively cheap and nutritious, or it may be junk food which will encourage faster growth around the waist. Either way, you need food storage in the vehicle you rented so that, if there’s a mutiny and all outside food is refused, you can fall back on snacks when the real hunger kicks in.

Hopefully, the car rental companies offered guidance on the diners and restaurants offering child-friendly portions at reasonable price. If not, spend time on the internet searching out the likely places to eat. Never assume all diners will cater for your toddlers.

Planning Your Bathroom Renovation

When it comes to our homes, we want to ensure that they are comfortable, homely and above all, to our personal taste. As any homeowner is only too aware, with time we can become bored of our decor, causing the need for redecoration or in some cases, even a complete renovation.

One of the hardest and most time consuming rooms in which we can choose to renovate is our bathroom as we need to take into consideration the color scheme, decorating methods and furnishings. If we are unsure as to how to renovate our bathroom, it can sometimes take even longer to complete than necessary as we become unsure as to whether our choices will look effective once the room is finished.

One misconception many make when opting to renovate their bathroom is that they must renovate the whole room in order to get great results and a fresh, new look. In fact, you can opt to simply have surface alterations completed in your bathroom, assuming that the room possesses a strong framework allowing for a surface level covering or coating. This is not only an easy and simple form of bathroom renovation, but will also have an effective impact on the overall appearance of your bathroom once complete.

You could also choose to alter the layout of the bathroom slightly, in addition to the surface alterations. This is a great way in which to gain a completely new way of alignment within the room. If you discover that the base framework and building is weaker than it should be, then you could then consider a complete tear down and remodel of the bathroom for a room which is new and sturdier-thus safer. In order to complete your bathroom renovation safely, you must ensure that there are no rusting joists or window panes that are able to easily gather moisture which may cause incidents within the room at a later date. Should these problems be identified, you will require extensive repairs or a complete remodeling of your bathroom.

Bathroom renovations can typically involve a wide variety of work from plumbing to carpentry. Depending on what work your bathroom renovation will entail, you may need to hire the help of professionals to ensure that these are complemented to the highest standard possible. In some cases, some of the work will fall under typical DIY jobs but some will be so intricate that they cannot be safely completed unless done so by a professional. The costs of renovating your bathroom can be high, but these costs can be lowered by only opting to have the vital necessities renovated in the room. Choosing to use a contractor to complete a number of jobs within your bathroom may also save you money if they provide you with a discount for hiring a bulk of work to be completed.

When renovating your bathroom, it is also vital to ensure that the new, improved room will be safe and energy efficient. This can be ensured by using moisture resistant and non corrosive materials for all the wall and plumbing materials and analyze the current state of your windows and sealants. Rusting and problematic showers and tubs should also be removed during renovation, not just for a safety purpose, but also to help the aesthetics of the room once complete.

For many, the finishing touch to any bathroom is the flooring which they choose. It is often possible to install flooring ourselves which can cut down our costs, especially when our bathroom is quite small in scale. However, when it comes to installing new flooring in the entire bathroom it can be best to leave this to an expert-especially if you are not experienced in flooring installation. Smooth, durable tiles such as ceramic tiles are favored by many homeowners as they provide a stylish and clean look and are incredibly easy to clean and maintain compared to laminate flooring, although are higher in cost. Laminate flooring can also be very slippery when wet so for safety, tiling can be a safer option.

Renovating your entire bathroom can be incredibly easy once you are aware of the changes you need to make and how the work will be carried out i.e: will you use a contractor or will you complete some areas yourself? If in doubt in terms of the design you are looking for, research into new trends, visit the homes of friends or take on the service of an interior designer. Although renovating your bathroom can be costly, making rash choices during your renovation could not only make it more costly should you change the design at a future date, but may not provide you with the bathroom of your dreams.

Drug Addiction Treatment – Effective Coping Strategies for Future Cravings

Drug addiction treatment helps thousands of addicts across the United States achieve lasting sobriety every year. Due to recent advances in neuroscience and psychology, rehab clinics are able to use a variety of proven methods in their drug addiction treatment programs. Though individual patients’ circumstances may vary, these methods work astoundingly well for almost all cases of addiction.

However, inpatient rehab programs last only one to three months. Addiction is treatable but not curable, and recovering addicts must manage drug cravings throughout the rests of their lives. Here are a few of the coping strategies rehab specialists teach their patients during drug addiction treatment.

Rationally Coping with Cravings

Many rehab clinics use cognitive-behavioral therapy to help patients stay sober once they leave their treatment facilities. These therapies teach addicts to relieve their negative emotions with logical thinking. This is a crucial skill, since emotional problems are so often the cause of drug abuse, addiction, and relapse. Addicts’ abilities to determine their own emotions are also important because control issues are often the root causes of addictions.

Avoiding Addiction Triggers

Every addict has personal addiction triggers – people, places, and physical objects which exacerbate their drug cravings. One of the best ways to avoid relapse is to avoid these triggers altogether.

For many addicts, the difficulty in avoidance lies in determining their personal triggers. During individual counseling sessions, addicts work with rehab specialists to make these discoveries so that they can successfully manage their cravings throughout life.

For other substance abusers, avoidance can be difficult to practice because of certain life circumstances. Rehab patients may have friends who still use drugs, stressful careers which induce cravings, or tough financial situations which produce chronic anxiety and compulsions to drink. Large lifestyle changes are often necessary to avoid these triggers.

Relaxation

Rehab patients often find their recoveries frustrated by anxiety, paranoia, and other high-stress emotional states. It is essential that addicts learn to calm themselves to mitigate the craving-inducing effects of these emotions. Meditation, prayer, and venting to close friends are useful relaxation techniques encouraged during rehab. Even vigorous exercise can provide relaxation because it signals the body to produce endorphins.

Daily Reflection

To take full advantage of the counseling they receive during drug addiction treatment, addicts must constantly monitor their mental and emotional states for signs of the thought patterns which initially led them to use drugs. Relapse isn’t always predictable, and drug cravings can take addicts by surprise. Even people who have been sober for years must consistently practice self-reflection in order to avoid a return to drugs or alcohol.

Continued Therapy and Support

Many addicts require continued support from their rehab clinics and communities to stay sober after their treatment programs. Some clinics offer additional counseling, group therapy, and family therapy to patients who need this extra help. Community resources can be invaluable as well – groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous allow addicts who have gone through rehab to come together and talk about their ongoing struggles. They can form accountability partnerships which strengthen their resolves to stay drug-free and live meaningful lives.

If you or someone you know is struggling with addiction, click the links below to find a treatment center near you. No matter how much you’re suffering, a drug addiction treatment program can help you get your life back on track.

Oxygen Therapy: Is It a Cure for Disease?

Oxygen Therapy: Is it a Cure for Disease?

Recently, people have begun to emphasize the role of oxygen in potential disease fighting treatments. Though it is true that oxygen is an important element, one that can help your body function more efficiently, it is imperative for you to know the truth behind these claims. Oxygen therapy can have a positive effect on your health, but only if used correctly and to treat certain ailments.

What Is It?

Oxygen therapy is a medical treatment that provides your body with extra oxygen. There are several different ways in which this treatment is prescribed. Commonly, the element is breathed in from a metal cylinder through a tube. Depending upon the medical condition of the individual being treated, the oxygen will be inhaled through a mask, a nasal cannula (plastic tubes inserted into the nostrils), or a tracheostomy (a breathing tube placed within a surgically inserted hole in the neck).

Sometimes individuals are treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy. During this process, they are placed in a pressurized chamber and breathe pure oxygen. The pressure allows the oxygen to infiltrate all of the tissues of the body. This encourages healing after serious wounds or severe infections. Other applications of oxygen therapy include treatment with ozone and hydrogen peroxide.

Oxygen, as it is sold for such treatments, is considered to be a medication. For this reason, you must have a prescription to obtain it.

What Diseases May Oxygen Treat?

The presence of high levels of oxygen often leads to the inability of bacteria, viruses, germs, and other harmful substances to survive. For this reason, oxygen therapy has been incorporated into treatment plans for a variety of ailments. Some of these include:

* Cancer: Nobel Prize winner Dr. Otto Warburg discovered that cancerous cells cannot grow in oxygen-rich environments.
* Respiratory diseases: Ailments of the lungs are often treated by oxygen therapy.
* Heart problems: Increased oxygen can prevent spasms of the heart muscles.
* Bacterial issues: E. coli and other dangerous bacterial issues can be treated with oxygen therapy.
* Viral diseases: The potential of oxygen therapy in this regard is large, as AIDS, the flu, hepatitis, and other serious illnesses are caused by viruses.
* Fungal infections: Candida albicans, a common parasitic fungus, has been successfully treated with ozone and hydrogen peroxide.
* Parasites: Malaria, among other diseases, can be treated with oxygen therapy.

It is a healthcare treatment that holds a great deal of potential. With further study, it may prove to be an important component in the treatment of more of the world’s most dangerous diseases.

With these fundamental principles behind this kind of therapy have come many liquid supplements that can chemically create oxygen within the body. The above methods described are powerful but what can be more powerful than getting this element right into the cells?

These type of supplements have been created to do just that. Unlike just breathing oxygen or even hydrogen peroxide therapy, these are designed to create this life sustaining mineral directly in the cells, tissues, and blood. There are many like AFA Blue Green Algae, Oxy E, OxyDHQ, Life Support and a few others.